Covid continues to hit labour market in third quarter – CSO
The number of people in employment during the third quarter of this
year stood at 2,295,200, according to the latest Labour Force Survey
published by the Central Statistics Office.
This gives an employment rate of 67.7% and represents an annual decrease of 31,700.
When adjusted for Covid-19, the number in employment at the end of September was 2,078,058, or 61% of the labour force.
At the end of October that decreased further to 1,965,209 or 57.5%.
That gives an unemployment rate for the third quarter of 7.1%.
When adjusted for Covid-19, unemployment stood at 15.9% at the end of September and 20.2% or 501,640 at the end of October.
All of the decrease in employment was among part-time workers with
women bearing the brunt in the accommodation and food sector as well as
Unemployment among men increased by 23% while unemployment among women increased by 53.8%, the CSO said.
Employment rose in the finance and professional and scientific activities.
Unemployment among 15-24 year olds increased from 13.5% to 20% over
the year, but the percentage of long-term unemployment remained
Meanwhile, the number of actual hours worked per week by the
workforce fell by 5.4 % over the year to the end of September, according
to the Central Statistics Office.
The CSO’s latest “Labour Market Insight Bulletin” reveals that a year
ago, the number of hours worked per week stood at 74.5 million.
In the second quarter of 2020, during the first Covid-19 lockdown,
hours worked per week collapsed by 22.1% or 16.8 million per week.
By last September, they had recovered to 70.5 million, though that was four million lower than a year ago.
the construction sector, the number of hours worked more than
halved between the second quarter of 2019 and the second quarter of
2020, from 5.4 million to 2.6 million.
But they recovered in the third quarter to 4.9 million as the industry was permitted to remain open.
By contrast, the accommodation and food services sector has seen a weaker recovery.
The number of hours worked weekly collapsed from 5.1 million to just 1.2 million.
However, despite some reopening in the third quarter of this year, the number of hours has only come back to 3.5 million.
The CSO’s Labour Market Insight Bulletin also confirms the surge in remote working.
In the four weeks before the pandemic struck in March, just under 80%
of workers reported that their main place of work was the employers’ or
their own premises, with fewer than one in 20 (4.9%) primarily working
However, by the third quarter of the year, the number of people
working from an employer’s premises had fallen to 53.2%, while those
reporting that they were mostly working from home saw a five-fold
increase to 27.6%.
In the four weeks before Covid-19, people working from home carried
out almost half of their work remotely (46.8%). However by the third
quarter, that figure had risen to just over 75%.
Commenting on today’s CSO figures, the Minister for Finance said the labour market continues to bear the fall-out from Covid-19 and the associated public health restrictions in the third quarter this year.
But Paschal Donohoe said the rise in total employment and total hours
worked in the economy from the second quarter is evidence of the
improvement in economic conditions in the third quarter and shows how
resilient the country’s labour market is.
“The introduction of the Level 5 public health restrictions currently
in place has had a significant and rapid impact on our labour market
with numbers of claimants for the PUP rising to 350,000 in recent
weeks,” the Minister said.
“However, I am encouraged by the fact that, with sectors such as
construction and manufacturing remaining open, the rise in the number of
people relying on the PUP has stayed well below the peak of 600,000
from early May,” Mr Donohoe said.
“If we continue our diligent efforts, as we have done to date in
reducing the spread of the virus for a second time, many people will
return to work once Level 5 restrictions are lifted,” he added.